Muthyala Raju’s -Topper of UPSC 2007-interview for IAS selection.


Buddies, whoever are interested in Civil Services ought to go through the interview experience of Muthyala Raju-the topper of Civil Services 2007. Though some grammatical errors have crept , they are ignorable before his intentions

Here is how he went on to be the topper……..

Muthyala Raju Revu, a farmer’s son who topped the civil services examination, says that death of his sister and six friends in his remote Chinnagollapalem village that lacked
basic transportation and medical facilities motivated him to take up the civil
services examination so as to be able to do something for his people.

Hailing from a remote island village in Andhra Pradesh’s coastal district of Krishna,
the 27-year-old made the state proud by emerging all India topper among 474
candidates found eligible in Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) examination.

My sister and others died because they could not get medical attention in time as
my village has no transportation facility and is cut off by Godavari and Krishna
rivers. The only way of reaching the village is by small boats
,’
said Revu.
I am from a coastal village which lacks basic facilities like transport, education an
health services. There are some more villages in our country like our village. I
wanted to be a part in developing these villages as an IAS officer.

Revu wants to take up Indian Administrative Service (IAS) job as an Andhra Pradesh
cadre officer as he feels that he could better serve the villages like
Chinnagollapalem by being a civil servant.
There are hundreds of villagers which lack transportation and other basic amenities
and I want to serve them
,’ said Revu.
The desire to top forced him to appear for the examination for the third time. He
had secured 223rd rank in the second attempt in year 2006 and joined as IPS
probationer from Rajasthan cadre.
Revu’s father Narasimha Murthy is a farmer and his two elder brothers are also into
agriculture. They belong to a caste among Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
A bright student right from his school days, he passed 10th standard from the
government school close to his village. Despite all odds, Revu joined a polytechnic
college in the same region.
He secured first rank in ECET-1998, did B. Tech from National Institute of
Technology, Warangal. Revu secured third place in GATE-2002 and did Masters in
Engineering (ME) in Signal Processing from Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore.
He secured first rank in the Indian Engineering Services-2003 and took up a job as a
railway engineer.
There is nothing which a man can’t achieve. You have to believe in
yourself, be positive and prepare to achieve the goal
,’
Revu said sharing the
secret of his success.


Interview given by IAS 2007 1st ranker MUTHYALA RAJU…word by word
Interview took place on 17th april in New Delhi for 35 mins
.


Raju: May I come in Sir?
Chairman
: Yes, please.
Raju: Good morning, Sir. Good morning, Madam. Good morning, Sirs.
Chairman:
You are Mr…
Raju: (Still in standing position), Matyalaraju Revu Sir.
(Chairman is writing something. Other members are keenly watching the
candidate.)

Member 2
: Please take your seat.
Raju: Thank you, sir.
Chairman:
Mr. Revu, You did B.Tech from REC Warangal, ME from IISc, Bangalore.
But why did you do diploma?
Raju: Sir, After completion of my 10th class, based on my financial background, my
father joined me in polytechnic. After completion of polytechnic, we do get jobs.
Also, since I will get scholarship, the amount of money spent on me is less.

Chairman:
That means you will get job after diploma.
Raju: Yes Sir, I got a private job. Company is Cain energy limited.
Chairman:
Then, why did you join B.Tech?
Raju: Sir, After completion of my diploma, I wrote ECET and I got state 1st rank. So I
convinced my father that I will join REC which is a premier Engineering institute in
our state
.
Chairman:
Then, you joined ME because your father insisted on that?
Raju: No Sir, It is based on my project guide suggestion. Sir, infact there are two
streams to enter into B.Tech. One through EAMCET after Intermediate and other is
through ECET. After ECET…
Chairman:
What question I have asked?
Raju: Sorry Sir, you have asked me why I joined ME after B.Tech.
Chairman:
OK. Then stick on to the question.
Raju: Sir, I am explaining it.
Chairman:
Be specific.
Raju: OK sir, during my final year I got all India rank 3 in Gate. My guide on knowing
this result suggested me to join IISc. He further told that this is the golden
opportunity for me. If you miss it you will not get it again! he told me sir. Then, I
informed about my career option as civil services. He then convinced me by saying
that I can write civil services after M.E. also.

Chairman
: That means you are preparing for civil services while you are in IISc?
Raju: I beg to differ with you sir. I started my preparation only after completion of
M.E.

Chairman:
You have written that you joined Railways in September 2004. That is of
which exam?
Raju: Sir, This is based on IES-2003.
Chairman:
That means you are in IISc.
Raju: Sir, I completed my second semester at that time.
Chairman:
That means you have prepared for IES in IISc.
Raju: Sir, I have given IES in my own background i.e., Electrical Engineering. Hence
I need not prepare much for this exam. I just gave the exam.

Chairman:
For how many years you are in Railways?
Raju: Sir, I joined Railways on September 2004. Then I took leave for 1 year, i.e.,
leave on loss of pay.

Chairman:
What did you do in that year?
Raju: Sir, I have prepared for this exam.
Chairman:
How many months you are in Railways?
Raju: Sir, roughly 5 months.
Chairman:
That means you are in Railways till February.
Raju: Sir, I am in Railways till the result of civil services exam 2005 was out. I was
given leave for interview preparation in March.
Chairman:
Then what did you do after the declaration of the result?
Raju: Sir, Once the result of out, I came to know that I will get IPS. So, I convinced
my director for leave to appear civil services again. My director gave me leave.

Chairman:
When did you join IPS?
Raju: Sir, I joined IPS on December 18, 2006.
Chairman:
Which part of training you missed?
Raju
: Sir, I missed foundation training in Mussorie. At SVPNPA, training started on
December 18, 2006. So, I haven մ missed any training at Hyderabad.

Chairman: How many days you have taken leave for interview?
Raju: Sir, 4 days.
Member 2:
How was your IPS training?
Raju: Sir, training is good and we are enjoying every aspect of training.
Member 2:
What are you learning in training?
Raju: Sir, our training is divided into two parts. Indoor and outdoor. In indoor, we
have subjects like police in modern India, criminology and law subjects like IE Act,
CrPC, IPC and other subjects.

Member 2:
You are in IPS for 4 months. So I can ask some questions.
Raju: Yes, sir.
Member 2:
You are aware that the confession admitted to police is not allowed as
witness. Why?
Raju: Yes sir. Confession admitted to police is not allowed as witness. Since there is
always a possibility of getting the confession in the way the police like, law doesn մ
allow it.

Member 2:
What is Res gestae?
Raju: Sir, All the circumstances leading to the same transaction are allowable as
evidence.

Member 2:
You are on the line. Could you explain more?
Raju: (after 2-3 seconds), If some people wanted to commit dacoity and in the
process if they theft a vehicle, eventhough theft of vehicle is not connected with
dacoity but it is admissible as it forms the circumstance leading to dacoity.

Member 2:
Could you tell me the section which deals with Res gestae?
Raju: Sorry sir, I could not remember the exact section.
Member 2:
Then how sections you were taught in IE Act?
Raju: Sir, In our academy our sirs are not teaching according to sections. They are
teaching the sections which are more useful for the police at first.

Member 2:
Are you aware of RTI?
Raju: Yes, Sir. It is Right to Information Act.
Member 2:
What are the provisions in RTI?
Raju: Sir, According to provisions of RTI, every government department has to
nominate one officer as information commissioner to give information about duties,
responsibilities and functions of various officers working in those departments…
Member 2:
Then what is the benefit to common man?
Raju: Sir, Common man can know the functions, duties & responsibilities of various
officers. They can know the status of their applications. This also increases
transparency and accountability of officers. Hence reduces corruption.
Member 2
:
How can you say that people will get required information?
Raju: Sir, There is a provision in RTI that any one who refuses to give information or
delays 30 days for giving information, they are liable for cut in salary.
Member 2
:
How much salary cut?
Raju: Sir, I think it is 250 Rs./ day.
Member 2
:
It is not cut from salary. It is separately cut.
Raju: Thank you Sir.
Member 2:
Can you tell me what is the maximum limit?
Raju: Sorry sir, I don’t know.
Chairman
:
Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology.
Don’t you think that all are inward looking?
Raju: Sir, Whenever possible I play cricket in addition my hobbies, which is a team
game.
Member 2
:
Tell me which countries will reach final in the present world cup?
Raju: Sir, I think Australia and Srilanka.
Member 2
:
Already two countries reached semifinals i.e., Sri Lanka & Newzealand.
What do you think about other two?
Raju: Sir, I beg to differ with you. Actually three countries i.e., Srilanka, New
Zealand and Australia reached semifinals. 4th team depends on the outcome of the
today ճ match between England & South Africa.
Member 2
:
Do you know about fly ash?
Raju: Sir, Thermal power stations produce fly ash while generating electrical power.
Member 2
:
Which state is using it more? Definitely it is not Haryana, My own state.
Raju: Sorry Sir, I don մ know.
Member 3
:
(X-A) (X-B) has highest X power of 2. Do you agree?
Raju: Yes, Sir.
Member 3
:
(X-A) (X-B) (X-C) has highest X power…
Raju: 3, Sir.
Member 3
:
Then, tell me. What is the answer for (X-A) (X-B)…. (X-Z).
Raju: (after 3-4 seconds), It must be Zero. Sir, because of the presence of the term
(X-X).
Member 3
:
Whom do you think a greatest mathematician of all times?
Raju: Sir, Srinivasa Ramanujan, because even though he lived for only 33 years, he
contributed more to mathematics in the areas like Numerical methods, Solution of
algebraic equations, number theory like prime numbers etc.
Member 3
:
Can you tell me the formula for prime numbers?
Raju: Sir, exactly I don’t know but recently IIT, Kanpur professor along with his
students wrote a software program which gives whether a number is prime or not
within less time.
Member 3
:
You are an electrical engineer. Tell me where prime numbers are used?
Raju: Sir, they are used in coding.
Member 3
:
I am asking a question in your engineering only. Tell me how prime
numbers are used in coding?
Raju: Sir, exactly I don’t know. But to the best of my knowledge, if the code length
is prime, decoding and encoding are easy.
Member 3
:
You are on the line, but not exact answer.
Member 1: Your hobbies are meditation, motivating others and Indian Mythology.
What you do in motivation?
Raju: Madam, many of classmates and Juniors came to me for clearing their doubts
in subjects as I am the toper of my class. I usually listen to their problems regarding
their understanding of concepts as many have problems either in one or many
subjects. I tell them that every subject is easy if knew the concepts clear and we
should like the subject what we are studying…
Madam
:
Do your response same for all?
Raju: Madam, I usually spend more time with those who are very much lagging. I
take classes to clear their doubts.
Madam
:
Then do you call it motivation or strategic learning?
Raju: Madam, strategic learning may be the correct term.
Madam
:
What is the difference between these two?
Raju: Madam, motivation is a general term which includes not only academic
motivation but also others like psychological, etc., Madam, I don մ know exactly the
meaning of strategic learning.
Madam
:
Which books you read in Indian Mythology?
Raju: Madam, I read Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Madam
: Since your hobbies are motivating others and Indian Mythology, tell me
how Krishna motivated Arjuna?
Raju: Madam, When Arjuna refused to fight with friends, teachers, Krishna told him
that it is the duty of the king to protect Dharma and fight wars for protecting it. We
should not move away from our duty. Since soul is immortal and of which is born,
death is certain, of which death happened, birth is certain. Hence you should not
think that you are committing crime. Also he motivated him by saying that we
should do our work only. We should not think about the results of our actions.
Otherwise, attachment to the results will occur which is a major reason for
unhappiness.
Madam
:
Do you practise it?
Raju: Madam, It is very difficult to practise.
Madam
:
Why?
Raju: Madam, for example, if we are about to play a cricket match, we will think
about the winning of the match which is actually the result of the playing that
match.
Madam
:
One last question. What kind of training our team got during our last year
world cup?
Raju: Madam, exactly I am not able to recollect it. But it is the attitude that we can do it this time.
Madam
:
Sorry, It is not last year world cup but it is 2003 world cup. The team was
given psychological training.
Raju: Yes, Madam
Member 4
:
You studied your B.Tech. from REC Warangal and M.E. from IISc
Bangalore.Aren’t you proud of your institutions like IISc?
Raju: Sir, I am proud that I have studied in a great institution like IISc, which
according UNESCO survey conducted in 1997 was in 18th place among world
universities. Recently a Chinese university conducted a survey in which IISc was
placed at around 250th position.
Member 4
:
Do you think that 250th position is a good position?
Raju: Sir, even though it is not a good position, the position depended on the
parameters they have taken into consideration like no. of nobel laureates present,
no. of research papers presented, etc.
Member 4
:
Who are nobel laureate present in IISc?
Raju: Sir, now there is no nobel laureate in IISc. Earlier Sir C.V.Raman worked in IISc.
Now, there are two internationally reputed professors working there.
Member 4
:
Last year government proposed to stop B.Tech entry into IITs. Do you
support that?
Raju: Sir, I support it. Sir, due to hectic schedule, the professors of IITs are not able
to concentrate much on research. Once the B.Tech entry is stopped, they will get
more time for research and quality of research will increase.
Member 4
:
Don’t you think the quality of B.Tech students will reduce as IITs are
known for better professors?
Raju: Sir, those students who are earlier eligible for entry into IITs, they will join
NITs. Since they are the core students I don մ think the quality will reduce. But the
professors in other institutes should get sufficient training to reach the level of IIT
professors.
Member 4
:
You agree to that proposal. But the government has withdrawn the
proposal due to very good argument against it. Can you tell me?
Raju: Sorry sir, I don’t know.
Member 4
:
What do you think is responsible for reduction in research?
Raju: Sir, IISc is not able to retain those students who completed M.E. and other
courses there. One reason is brain drain, Sir. Second one is that research is not
attractive in India, Sir. For example, in our batch out of 230 students who completed
M.E. only 2 joined for Ph.D. in IISc. At the end of our M.E. we got campus
placements. The minimum salary is around 6 lakhs/ annum. It is attracting most of
us. Those who are really interested in research, they are going abroad as they will
get more money and research is attractive there. Here, a Ph.D. student gets 12,000
– 15,000 Rs per month. Also material considerations have risen these days, sir. We
have to include some compulsory courses in morale & ethics to stop this.
Member 4
:
Instead of choosing job or research, why did you choose services as
career option?
Raju: Sir, The incident that took place in my village in November 2000, when I am
in 3rd year of B.Tech, has changed my career options. Nearby Engineering college
students came to our village for picnic as our village has excellent beach. 7 of them
drowned in the Bay of Bengal and all of them has taken sand into their lungs in
addition to water. Since our village is an island, there are no transportation, medical
& meagre educational facilities, it took 2 hours to reach nearest town which is 16
Km away from my village. By that time, 6 out 7 were died, Sir.
Chairman
:
You are telling about an incident in your village. In that case who will
respond first?
Raju: (3-4 seconds silence)
Chairman:
Whether it is Block development officer, Doctor, or Police.
Raju: Sir, It is the police to respond first.
Chairman
:
Then, you are in IPS. Why did you come?
Raju: Sir, even for police it took 2 hours to reach that place as there is not enough
transportation facilities.
Chairman
:
Thank you.
Raju: Thank you, Sir. Thank you, Madam. Thank you, Sirs.

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